How do critics and galleries influence an audience’s understanding of art?

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How do critics and galleries influence an audience’s understanding of art? With specific examples.

Critics and art galleries serve as a major controlling factor in an audiences understanding, interpretation and opinion of a given work. The gallery serves as a portal to art for the audience, thus controlling what is considered art. Whereas critics have the power to decide with which quality some works are perceived with by the audience, thought this may be influence by sociopolical circumstances relevant to the critic. Thus critics and art galleries alike are able to influence an audience’s understanding of art.

In the most superficial sense, since the gallery decides which artworks are worthy of display, they have the ability to filter what art an audience is exposed to. And on a deeper level, the decision making process made by galleries is heavily influenced by that of art critics. For example, if one were to observe a plain white canvas in the MoMA, regardless of the artistic merit of the work, it is assumed that this is art. The effect on the audience caused by this practice extends further, as some works are made to make a viewer feel unintelligent if they don’t ‘understand’ the meaning and significance behind the work. Thus galleries have the power to control what are an audience is subjected to, though the result my be inherit biases in the works chosen.

The overall consensus come to by art critics has the ability to heavily influence both galleries and audiences.  Since art critics are human, any decision they make will be influenced by their sociopolical circumstances at the time – thus creating an inherit bias in the criticisms they supply. There is also fiduciary effects in the decision they make, buying and selling art is a profitable industry – and since the value of a work is directly proportional to the majority of critic’s opinion, their decisions can have major real word effects. For example, the Mona Lisa was always a favourite of art critics, because they could analyse the work extensively as a result of it’s nature. This gave the work world wide critical acclaim as well as being valued as priceless. Thus the critical analysis made by art critics can have a major impact on an audiences interpretation of a given work.

Critics and galleries play an important role in influencing an audience’s understanding of art.  The art gallery serves as a portal to art for the audience, thus controlling what is considered art. Critics have the power to deem some works as artistic as opposed to others, which is an opinion that may be influence by sociopolical circumstances. Critics and art galleries alike are able to influence an audience’s understanding of art.

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How do critics and galleries influence an audience’s understanding of art?

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